Thursday, March 20, 2014
Sourdough Bread (from real starter)
Then one day I read a study done in Europe on people with Celiacs disease. People who have to eat gluten free as it causes an auto immune response that harms their stomach and digestive tracts so much. This article was of interest to me as Zeke has to eat gluten free with his autism. If he eats gluten, he becomes angry all the time and lashes out with no inhibitions to stop him, has trouble concentrating to do his school work and his tummy hurts often when he eats gluten.
In the study, I read that many people who had Celiacs could eat REAL Sourdough Bread, made from wheat with a starter, with long fermentation times. Because... if prepared correctly, most of the gluten is either eaten by the culture or broken down enough thru the fermentation process that it did not cause harm to those that consumed it. This intrigued me. As we spent a huge amount of money every month on gluten free products for Zeke to eat and most of them he ate, but they did not taste delicious to him. So I thought on this for a long time, still reluctant to give it a try because of all the work I thought was involved.
One day a friend and I were talking and she had gotten into making real Sourdough bread from a starter. She had been very successful keeping the starter active and alive and baking with it for many months. Ah ha! A real person to learn from and talk about it with. I told her about the article I read and asked if she would sell me a part of her starter. Thank you so very much "J" for gifting me such a precious thing! Once I had the starter, I went ahead and gave it a go. Some of the recipes did seem complicated but I did find a few that seemed easy for me to incorporate into our busy life.
Actually, the recipe I use is very easy and basically I am just babysitting the dough most of the time waiting for it to reach the right size when it rises. I only physically touch it a few times.
In most recipes you add the starter to half the flour for the recipe at night and through the night the starter eats on that flour. Then the other half in the morning. Let it rise once and baked it. The first batch I made this way did make Zeke have issues and I thought this experiment was a total wash. But I gave Zeke a month back on a total gluten free diet to get back to base line and then tried again. My theory was that we needed most of the day to break down that gluten and not just one rise but two. So made it again having the dough work for a longer period of time and rise twice. Glory to God! He had absolutely no reaction to it and I have been baking Real Sourdough bread every week since that time.
Now, I must put a disclaimer in here telling you, if you have a medical reason for not eating gluten, ask your doctor and try this at your own risk. But for Zeke, it has worked with out reaction for many many months and this has saved us a lot of money by making bread for him this way and not buying gluten free breads and baked goods anymore. Actually, It is almost the only type of bread I make now, my whole family eats it!
So here is the recipe that works for us! Now they say not to use metal in this whole process as it damages the starter. So I have a large ceramic mixing bowl I use to make this bread and wooden or rubber utensils. Also you will need to find a place or someone to get a starter culture for making this. There are places online to either purchase one or a few places tell you how to grow one of your own.
Real Sourdough Bread
The night before:
4 1/2 cups fresh ground whole wheat flour (we use soft white)
3 3/4 cups warm water
1 cup real lively sourdough starter
The next morning:
2 tsp salt
1 tsp baking soda
1 table spoon honey
1/2 cup virgin olive oil
5 cups whole wheat flour
On the night before you wish to bake bread mix together the 4 1/2 cups flour with the 3 3/4 cups warm water with a plastic or rubber whisk.
The next day: the first thing I do is TAKE A CUP OF STARTER OUT of the mixing bowl before I continue. Yes, the whole bowl is the same thing as starter now. So I take a cup out now before we add in any other ingredients, so I have starter to make the next weeks bread. I don't measure but just scoop some out (a cup guess-ta-ment) and put it in a small clean jar with an over sized lid, that I just set on top of it, so it can breathe in the fridge. I set it in the back of the fridge till I need it the next week. (If you don't use it to bake with in one weeks time, you are supposed to feed it to keep it alive. Just mix up a 1/2 cup wheat flour to a half cup warm water and mix in the starter. Put it back into a new clean jar and let it sit on the counter for an hour or so and then place it back in the fridge. That's all you do to feed it!) I have actually let mine go two weeks one time with out feeding it and it made perfect bread anyways. So I guess it is very forgiving.
After you take out your starter and put it up you can proceed. Mix in the salt, soda, honey and olive oil and then one cup at a time, mix in the flour.
I then cover my bowl again with the towel and set it aside to rise till doubled.
I then oil three bread pans and oil my hands.
I divide the dough into three equal parts and kind of stretch and fold under a few times till I have a nice longish dough ball/log and place each one into a pan.
I cover these three pans again with the towel and let them rise till they are to the top or slightly over the top of the pan. This also takes several hours.
Preheat your oven at 425 and when your oven is hot put your loaves in for 20 minutes. Then turn the oven down to 375 and let it bake till it sounds hollow when tapped on. For my convection oven it is only another 20 minutes and it is done to perfection. (so for me, in my oven the total baking time is 40 minutes all together) Some peoples ovens bake cooler than mine so have to bake it 10 minutes longer.
Once out of the oven, turn the loaves out to cool evenly on a rack and once cool, cut into slices and store. OR...eat warm out of the oven with a huge slather of fresh salted butter. YUM!
I pray all your spring plans for gardens and farms are coming along nicely!
Blessings and Happy Farming!